Course type: Online; Self-Paced
Duration: Available for 2 months
Time required: Up to 1 hour per module + Handbook
Target Audience: Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
Specialty: Cardiovascular and Respiratory
Language: English and Portuguese
About the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Emergencies
Cardiovascular and respiratory diseases are the leading causes of premature death worldwide.
The functions of the cardiac and respiratory systems are closely linked and regulated in order to maintain blood pressure, the supply of oxygen to tissues, and the removal of carbon dioxide.
Dysfunctional breathing and altered breathing patterns caused by certain pathologies can produce adverse effects on the cardiac system.
By using virtual patients, the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Emergencies aims to help health professionals develop their skills regarding changes in breathing patterns and dysfunctions and disease in the cardiac system.
EMTs will consolidate knowledge and reinforce critical thinking and decision-making skills by being exposed to complex scenarios in a simulation environment.
This course utilizes Body Interact’s advanced medical simulation technology and is based on the following guidelines:
- Cunningham C, Richard K. National Model EMS Clinical Guidelines. National Association of State EMS Officials. 2019; Version 2.2: 10.
- National Association of State EMS Officials. National EMS Scope of Practice Model.2019; DOT HS 812 666.
Recommended for Emergency Medical Technician
- 5 Modules
The course consists of 5 modules with virtual patient cases, with a basic level of complexity.
- Online, Self-paced
You have up to 2 months to complete the 5 modules at your own pace.
- Certificate of Completion
After completing the course, you will be given a Certificate of Completion that you have participated in a continuing education (CE) program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Pre-Hospital Continuing Education (CAPCE).
What you will learn:
This training course aims to develop skills in the initial assessment and appropriate care for any patient based on specific National Model EMS Clinical Guidelines.
Emergency Medicine Technicians will be able to do the following upon completion
- Assess the security of care;
- Develop skills in assessing the patient’s clinical history applying SAMPLE;
- Assess pain using OPQRST;
- Recognize the signs and symptoms of the airway obstruction;
- Ensure airway permeability through aspiration of secretions;
- Initiate monitoring and diagnostic procedures;
- Perform the suitable procedures in order to diagnose a possible respiratory disease;
- Perform the suitable procedures in order to diagnose a possible cardiac disease;
- Call a higher level of emergency medical services for transport;
- Provide supplemental care while waiting for differentiated help.
Body Interact has developed this course based the National Model EMS Clinical Guidelines, utilizing advanced medical simulation technology with virtual patients
Context: Chest pain affects 20% to 40% of the general population during their lifetime. Usually, chest pain or discomfort is associated with Acute Coronary Syndrome. Acute Coronary Syndrome is thus divided into Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) with ST-elevation (STEMI) and AMI without ST elevation, which includes unstable angina and AMI without ST elevation (NSTEMI) because the two entities are often indistinguishable.
Virtual Scenario: Ellen has been struggling to change her diet and improve her lifestyle to be less sedentary. Today she was walking outside with her daughter and felt chest discomfort with palpitations.
Context: Tachycardias are a common cause presented by patients on primary and secondary care services, and can cause significant discomfort and distress to the patient. There are several types of tachycardias and it is important to assess the symptoms to differentiate between stable or unstable, as they require quite different treatments.
Virtual Scenario: Jane was shopping at a store when she had a discussion with the store seller. After she left the store she felt bad.
Context: Several arrhythmias are frequently seen and are caused by a multitude of intrinsic and extrinsic factors that can compromise the integrity of the sinus node. The proper detection of the type of arrhythmia is fundamental for a correct approach to the patient.
Virtual Scenario: Paul’s wife was on holiday visiting their daughter while Paul had to stay at home because of his work. By the time she arrived back home, she found him collapsed on the floor with an altered mental status.
Context: Chronic inflammation of the airways causes the airways to narrow, making it difficult to breathe. It is characterized by hyper-responsiveness of the airways, and bronchospasm is a symptom that limits most patients. A rapid and systematic approach is critical for a better prognosis of the patient.
Virtual Scenario: Jerry was running in the park in the middle of spring when he felt unwell.
Context: Many health conditions can cause shortness of breath. The most common cause of acute dyspnea is related to respiratory infections. Different types of respiratory infections, including upper respiratory infections, pneumonia, acute bronchitis, and chronic bronchitis, can cause patients to develop shortness of breath.
Virtual Scenario: Willy lives with his wife. Today, after breakfast he felt ill with shortness of breath, cough with sputum, and chest pain. His wife called for an ambulance.